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Hardback:Mary I, the daughter of time:2016
Author: Edwards, John
Year: 2016
Format: Hardback
Class no: B MARY I
ISBN: 9780241184103
Audio book:The lady of fire and tears:2006
Author: Deary, Terry
Year: 2006
Format: Audio book
Class no: JF
ISBN: 9781405656122, 1405656123
Paperback:Recess; or, A Tale of Other Times:2002
Author: Lee, Sophia
Year: 2002
Format: Paperback
Class no: HIS
ISBN: 9780813109787, 0813109787
Media type: Other material
(The Corporation does not possess all the Charters mentioned in this account.)
The earliest charter now in the possession of the Corporation is by Stephen. "By it, Stephen confirmed to his burgesses of Chichester their customs and rights of the borough and guild of merchants, as they had them in the time of his grandfather and uncles, and in the time of Earl Roger". (C.M.C., section 2.)
"Henry II (as appears by an inspeximus Charter of Edward III) granted to the citizens of Chichester the same customs and liberties within and without the city, which they had in the time of Henry, his grandfather, and especially in the ports of Undering (Undering is probably "the old name for the estuary which formed Selsey or Pagham Harbour and for the village, now lost, which formed the actual port". (Place-Names of Sussex, vol. I, 96).) and Horemouth, (Horemouth "was the old name for the entrance to Chichester Harbour". (Ibid., 88). See also section VIII AZ/2 (d)) with a prohibition as to any one selling otherwise than as in the time of Henry I, or turning out of the high roads to avoid the King's customs".( C.M.C., section 3. See also Cal. Pat. Rolls 1374-7, 289. There is an English translation in Ballard's "History of Chichester" (1898), 19.) "Henry II also, by another Charter, which is in the possession of the corporation, and which is set out in the charter of Edward III, granted to the citizens of the merchants' guild all the liberties and free customs which they had in the time of Henry, his grandfather, and that no one should sell unless he belonged to the guild, which guild they were to have without anyone levying a forfeiture on them". (C.M.C. section 4. See also Cal. Pat. Rolls 1374-7, 289. There is an English translation in Ballard, op. cit., 19.) The Charter has no date, but is probably of the year 1155. (Ballard, op. cit., 20.) The next Charter is that of the fifth year of Edward II, which granted the custody of the city to the Mayor and Citizens. (Originalia Rolls, 5 Edward II, 10. English translation in Ballard, op. cit., 42.) Five years later, a second Charter of Edward II granted the city to the citizens "in fee farm at a rent of £36 to be paid half-yearly, with all eleemo-synary payments, saving to the King and his heirs, the customs of wool, skins and hides, and all customs thereafter to be made".( C.M.C. section 5. See also Cal. Charter Rolls, vol. 3, 314.) "The same King appears also to have granted an Inquisition, to ascertain in what place the County Court could be held for the greater ease of the County; the return to which was, that there was no town of the King's within the county except Chichester. The recital previous to this grant states that the community were suffering many grievances because the sheriffs of the county held their courts in different places, so that there was no certain place where the King's writs could be delivered to the sheriff, and that the king had been entreated to provide some certain place. It does not appear that anything was done upon this inquisition until the next reign..... (when) Edward III, in the tenth year of his reign, .....granted that the County Court should be held at Chichester, and not elsewhere, and that all "denarii" should be delivered there, upon all issues, causes, and pleas, held there."( C.M.C. sections 6 and 7. See also Cal. Pat. Rolls 1334-1338,289 and 318.)
Edward III also, by a Charter in the eleventh year of his reign, confirmed the Charter of 10 Edward II.( Cal. Charter Rolls, 1327-1341, 389.) By another Charter, of the fiftieth year of his reign, the same king set out and confirmed both the charters of Henry II mentioned above.( Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1374-1377, 289.) In the second year of Richard II, the three Charters of Edward III were confirmed.( Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1377-1381, 297.) Henry IV, by a Charter in the second year of his reign, confirmed the Charter of Richard II.( Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1399-1401, 440.) In the twentieth year of the reign of Henry VI, the Charter of Henry IV was confirmed. (Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1441-1446, 45.)
A Charter of Henry VI "dated in the thirtieth year of his reign, states the holding of the County Court of Sussex in Chichester as the principal place, the incorporation by mayor and citizens from time immemorial, who had held the city of the Kings of England at a rent of £6, and had privileges, and a merchants' guild, and a View of Frankpledge, and correction and assize of bread, wine and beer, and correction of weights and measures, and forestallings and regratings, and other misfeances within the city, until recently, when the clerk of the King's household had infringed them, and that they had supplicated the King to protect them from this disturbance,.... The Charter then confirms all their liberties, grants them an incorporation, with a mayor to have assize of bread, power of oyer and terminer, and all the powers of a justice of peace, except the other justices. The Charter also protects the citizens from having to collect the fifteenths or tenths or any of the King's taxes, without the city." (C.M.C. section 13. See also Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1446-1452, 522.)
Edward IV, by a Charter in the second year of his reign, confirmed both the Charters of Henry VI. (Cal. Pat. Rolls 1461-1467, 229.) "A Charter of Henry VII, dated in the fifteenth year of his reign, sets out and confirms the Charter of Edward IV. It directs the mayor and his successors to take the oath of escheator. It grants to the Mayor and citizens cognizance of all kinds of pleas of assize, "jurat attinct", and Certification touching lands and hereditaments of freehold tenure, which could be held before the Justices of the King's Bench and Common Pleas, or justices in Eyre, with power to hold a court for them every Monday before the Mayor. It also grants a fair, with a court of pie poudre."( C.M.C. section 15. See also Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1494-1509, 205.)
In the eighteenth year of his reign, Henry VIII confirmed the Charter of Henry VII.( From 1 Ric. III to 1 Chas. 1, Confirmations of Charters were entered on the Confirmation Rolls, and subsequent to the latter date, again on the Patent Rolls. No printed calendar exists of these rolls, and so no reference has been given.) Edward VI, by a Charter granted in the first year of his reign, confirmed the Charter of Henry VIII. Philip and Mary, in the third and fourth years of their reign, confirmed the Charter of Edward VI. In the twelfth year of her reign, Elizabeth confirmed the Charter of Philip and Mary, and James I, in the second year of his reign, confirmed the Charter of Elizabeth.
In 1618, James I granted a second Charter "which appears to have created new offices, or perhaps rather to have sanctioned some that had grown up by custom; all who had served the office of mayor were to be aldermen of the city; and the Charter also recognises the offices of bailiff, portreeve and customer; four years later, he granted another Charter, whereby the precinct of the close..... was transferred to the city." (Ballard, op. cit., 65. The Charter of 1618 is enrolled in Pat. Roll, 15 Jas. I, C. part 21.)
James II, in the first year of his reign, granted a Charter, under which the Corporation acted until 1835. It confirms all the grants, liberties, and customs of former Charters, subject to various restrictions: it reserves to the King in Privy Council power to amove the mayor, high steward, recorder, deputy recorder, coroner, town clerk, bailiff, or any of the justices, aldermen, common council, portreeves and customers." (The full text is printed in English in Hay's "History of Chichester", 579-601.)
Publication Year: 1295
Media type: Other material
By Geoffrey De La Pund of La Spare of Billingehurst to William De Alrete of Rugwyk and Johan his wife - for his service and 5 silver marks - of a piece of land called Norecrofte lying on the S. side of land of Margaret the relict of Alan le Buknar' as the hayes and bounds extend and enclose To hold the said land called Norecroft to the said William and Johan and their heirs and the assigns of the said William (except religious men and Jews) of the chief lord of the fee by the rent of 12d. yearly. Ladyday, 23 Edw.I
Witnesses:- Robert de Howyk, John de Bornekneppe, Walter de Pevenesfolde, Robert de la Yele (?), Robert le Butare, John Ochurst de la Sparre, Ralph Loreday, William Cusin, James de Ruthenor
Done in the Feast of the Annunciation of B.V.Mary in the 23rd year of the reign of King Edward son of King Henry
Publication Year: 1639
Media type: Other material
These accounts reveal very clearly the changes which came about during the century which they cover: changes in the conduct of the liturgy, in popular belief and custom, in the furnishings and arrangement of the church and in terminology, all gradually brought about by the Reformation.
For example, the church property handed over annually by the outgoing to the incoming churchwardens consisted originally of a cross and eleven rings, a chalice and silver pix, a silver spoon, a head of St. John with a groat, and two figures of the Lamb, one with a stone [inset?] (the Agnus Dei, rendered variously as "a nangyllsday" or "anggullusdaye" and only once correctly). By the 1570s, as shown below, the list has become a communion cup, a linen cloth and a cloth for the communion table, though by the 17th century the list is added to by books of homilies and theological controversies. Vestments come and go, notably a cope which disappears in the 1570s but reappears in 1614; while thirty years earlier the churchwardens paid for the making of "an apurne [apron?] that the parish [priest] sayth masse wythe" and a girdle to gird the priest. More important changes, such as the successive erection and demolition of a rood, are described below. The Marian and Elizabethan changes appear quite distinctly in the accounts, as do the later Laudian regulations.
In the early years, there are regular celebrations of the year's mind of benefactors, and dirges. Over the years, references to saints days disappear except for those kept by the Church of England. Frankincense and censers cease to be mentioned. Gifts to "the mother church" [Chichester Cathedral] occur occasionally.
Normal parish business continues throughout: the churchwardens receive rents from tenants, notably from the smith, shoemaker, butcher and miller; they let the parish stock, including cows, with various parishioners standing surety, and account for it on Lady Day (for instance in 1524, f.4, on "ower ladys day the noncyachen [Annunciation] in the xv yer of the rayn of King Harry the VIII").
Expenditure on repairing the bells occurs so constantly that it has not been noted in detail below; repairs to the church are noted below when entries seem to indicate considerable restoration. The letting of seats in the church begins c.1575 (f.93) and increases.
The annual election of churchwardens is recorded; social conditions (alms to "maimed soldiers", increasing poverty, etc.) are reflected in the appointment of overseers of the poor five years after the first Poor Law of 1601, and the building of a small poorhouse.
The churchwardens make journeys to Amberley, Arundel, Chichester, Horsham, London, Petworth, Pulborough, Reading, Steyning and Storrington, often on legal business.
The paper pages of the volume have become detached from the parchment cover, and are in a very fragile state, parts of them worn away; consequently it is not available to readers. A transcript, W.S.R.O. MP 245 may be used instead.
The volume includes the following items in addition to those summarised above:-
Inside front cover: note by the churchwarden William Garton that he bought the book for ten pence (xd) in 1520;
ff.1-10 are dated 1520-1528:
f.2 Quotation: Anti jovem nulli subigebant arva coloni pche inglesh;
f.5 shows a number of payments in connection with the church, for example for lead, paving, drink for the men who set the paving, hooks and nails, a load of lime, staples for the bells, timber [these and similar items recur in the accounts]; also for mending surplices, and to "parsson" for making two candles before St. Stephen and St. Katherine ("be for Sente Steffen and Sente Kittren") etc. [wax and candles are recurring items];
f.7 includes the cost of a lawsuit;
ff. 11-19 are dated 1528-1529;
f.11 shows sums given at "the gathering at Christmas";
f.16 includes expense of making the church pannell [the pannells also recur in the accounts]; also for work on the steeple, window glazing, and a reference to a bell-founder;
ff.20-36 are dated 1529-1539;
f.22 include receipt "of Sir Vicar" for a cow;
f.23 includes payments to the "chaunter"; for coal [also a recurring item]; for thread and paper; for hallowing of the chalice and vestments and altar cloth; and for "a horse hyde for the bell" [recurring];
ff.25, 26 includes the usual rent receipts for houses and shops, but in two cases a ring was received from the parishioner's wife; a list of [rented] stock not paid for; outgoings include payments to the painter and the plumber; for the Bishop's visitation ("my lords vycytacion"); for soap, paper and twine; and for a lawsuit;
f.27 contains a journey to Reading ["Redyng"] for the casting of a bell; f.28 as well as more expenditure on the bells and new metal there is a sum for making the great bell clapper; and for a new church gate;
f.29 includes bequests received, such as a ring, a sheet, towel and "Kyrcher", and "from the hold woman that dyde at hold dens", a sheet and a towel;
f.36 includes items which indicate a church restoration: lime, stone, sand, nails, lath, timber, clasp, etc.;
ff.37-50 are dated 1540-1550;
f.37 includes a reference to making the ironwork for the high altar;
f.46 includes the purchase of skins of parchment for mending the church books; and of material, which was dyed, together with a fringe for an altar c cloth;
ff.51-55 are dated [1548], 1550,1551;
f.51 is the first to show the accounts under Edward VI; purchase of a mass book;
f.53 the cost of riding to London to see a lawyer about church lands;
ff.56-73 are dated 1554-1564;
f.56 is the first to refer to the reign of Mary; includes, in work on the church, the setting up of the rood;
f.58 refers to repairs to the steeple and the glass windows; purchase of a homily book; of frankincense; and to a "synod visitation";
f.63 dates a receipt for rent at Ascension ["assencyon"] of Our Lady;
f.64 lists expenditure on stone laying and lead, making a Judas cross, and two altars; receipt for land; and churchwardens' agreement to the request of a woman parishioner who tends the altar that she shall have the hindermost seat next to the church door for her lifetime provided she continues to "garnish" ["garnesthing"] the altar;
f.67 refers in dating to the reign of Elizabeth; includes expenditure on the church house;
f.68 includes expenses of taking down the altar and the "images"; purchase of a "communion book", and mending of the poor men's box;
f.69 includes expenses of repairs to the steeple; of a censer and lamp, but also of taking down the rood and the rood loft;
f.70 church property still includes two chalices and a cope;
f.71 contains the last reference to the Sovereign's year;
f.73 includes sums "paid to the bellfounder for casting of the fourth bell 1563"; in the preamble to the 1564 accounts reference is made to surplices and a cope;
f.74 items include the purchase of a new homilies book, and further church repairs; and a memorandum concerning two burials unpaid for "which is unpaid for lack of asking as other church wardens hath done we are the more to blame[?] and God forgive us all so remember the deeds of the church houses to know in whose hands they be kept", 1564;
f.78 includes payment for a book to "master vicar", who also mends the table of the Commandments;
f.80 expenses include paving the church, repairs to the pulpit and to glass windows, 1567; first visitation of the Bishop and "riding to Chichester to make answer for the churchyard's enclosure"; and the purchase of gallons and quarts of Malmsey [Maumsye, and for some years thereafter, always in addition to wine];
f.81 includes purchase of "statute books" and "a book of the Articles of the order in the church", 1568;
f.83 includes payment for writing a copy of the "commission that came from the Bishop"; for making "communion table cloth's" and the Vicar's seat; making a [ceiling?] between the church and the chancel; for a journey to Chichester "when we answered the first bill of presentment to the [registrar]", 1570;
f.85 includes purchase of "the table of the degrees of marriage", 1570, and of a table of the Commandments;
f.86 articles handed to new churchwardens are now a communion cup, a linen cloth, and a cloth for the communion table, 1571;
f.87 includes purchase of a book of canons, 1571; and "from Chichester a book called the 'apologie'" [doubtless Bishop Jewel's Defence of the Apology, 1567, re-issued in 1570 and 1571, in his controversy with Thomas Harding following Jewel's earlier Apologia pro Ecclesia Anglicana]; and riding to Chichester "before my lord bishop and other Queen's Justices for the c collections of the poor", 1572;
f.92 includes repairs to the church house and to one glass window, 1574;
f.93 includes payment, at the archdeacon's visitation, for a copy of the Queen's Majesty's letters patent for "collyton haven", 1575 [i.e. a brief];
f.94 includes expense of bringing a plumber from Chichester to repair the gutter between the two chancels, 1576;
From about this date, expenses include journeys to obtain bastardy orders from the Justices;
f.98 includes further repairs to glass windows, 1579;
f.107 a list of those who subscribed to a sum to be given to a widow 1584;
ff.112,113, 135-6: include assessments on house holders for a rate to pay the clerk's wage and the communion bread and wine, 1592, 1630;
f.115 includes payments to the bell-founder 1594;
f. 116 expenses include sums "for maimed soldiers", 1596, and for paupers children ("the boys [kept] of alms of the parish");
ff. 118,119 include repairs to the church and chancel, 1599, 1602, 1603; and "building of 4 little rooms for the poor of the parish", 1604;
f.120 includes purchase of a Book of Common Prayer, 1606;
f.121 includes the first reference to "the new overseers chosen", 1606; from 1606 the church inventory for incoming churchwardens has added to it one pewter pot and a carpet and a cloth for the pulpit, and from 1609 also a Book of Canons;
f. 122 the above contains in addition apprentices' indentures, and bond, 1611;
f.123 includes repairs to church and steeple, 1612; the church property now includes "Bishop Jewell, his book against Hardinge" [see note, f.87];
f.124: reference from now on to a bond-holder responsible for repairing the highways; in the church inventory, the cope is mentioned again, 1614;
f.126: reference to maimed soldiers, and subsequently; and to the bell-founder, 1616;
f.127 includes further repairs to the church 1618;
f.129 includes references to casting the great bell; addition to the annual list: deeds, and "the roll of the pannells"; further glazing, 1620;
f.131 includes repairs to the clerk's house; reference to the great chest; "paid to the constable for Charitable uses"; and to a parishioner "for keeping the blind man", 1624; purchase of stone for church repairs, 1625;
ff.132 includes cost of casting one bell, of metal and carriage of the bell, 1626; church property now includes additionally "2 little new prayer books", 1626; repairs to steeple, 1627;
f.137 includes another addition to the list of church property: the register book, 1630 [see Par/21/1/1/1 : the first register's dates are 1558-1653];
f.138: reference to a receipt for [the sale of?] "The old church bible", 1631;
f.139: items include a communion table, 1632; the contents and terminology of the annual list change again, and has added: 1 silver flagon, 2 silver chalices, and a damask cloth;
f.140 includes charge for "register writing and putting in", 1633;
f.144: the list of parish officers for 1633 includes way wardens, sidesmen having been included since c.1619;
f.142 includes cost of repair to walls of the almshouse, 1634;
f.145 includes the cost of railing in the communion table, 1637 [in Archbishop Laud's time]; church property lists the additional items of 2 fair pewter flagons, and a green fringed cloth for the communion table;
f.146: items include the cost of making a window on the North side, 1638;
f.147 includes cost of pointing the church and other repairs, 1639
Publication Year: 1911
Media type: Other material
Consists of two documents. The first, a copy of deed relating to Mid Lavant Watermill. The original is in the possession of E. W. Johnson Esq.
Includes information on:- Watermill; parsons, George; brickwork, wheel gears; altered course of Lavant; Charles, Duke of Richmond, exclusive rights; rent 20 shillings annually; removal at own expense if requested by Duke; document signed 26 December 1843.
The second is a booklet containing notes on the History of Mid Lavant and East Lavant by an unknown writer, but due to handwriting similarities he is believed to be the Rev James Fraser living in East Lavant in 1880, left 1894 to become Rector of Eastergate, later Librarian and Prebendary at the Cathedral, author of a handwritten volume of notes on Mid and East Lavant (Par 120/7/4). Both notes and book have later additions in another hand, initialled AHG (Rev Alfred Henry Glennie, Rector of Lavant 1897-1925). There are occasional page number references to another document, not named, possibly Thomas Roser Mitchell's mid-19th centiru records of inscriptions etc.
Notes on Mid Lavant:-
Includes information on:- history of Lavant Church; 12th century church remains (later thought to be 11th century Saxon); round-headed window in south wall exposed in 1844; lancet windows on north and south sides show later date; aisle added 1844; alterations in 1872; Domesday Book entry Loventone /Levitone (Lavington) includes Mid, West and East Lavant; parish and church exist in time of King Stephen (1135-54); dedicated to St. Nicholas; will of William Arnold refers to church of Seynt Nycolas of Mid Lavant; in reign of Henry III, Henry Husee, Lord of Harting refers to land in Midlovent or Rawmere; land passed to Priory of Shulbrede, or Wolinchmere; at time of dissolution Prior George Walden not a blameless character; Priory granted by Henry VIII to Sir William Fitzwilliam, then to Anthony Browne; thence to Cowdray estate; Lavant manor of Rawmere together with church living acquired in 1551 by Richard May, Merchant Taylor of London, family memorials in church include Hugh May; RM began building mansion, completed by son in time and style of James I; in 1765 mansion sold to 3rd Duke of Richmond by Thomas May-Knight; life interest to Henrietta Le Clerk, spinster, m. Major Gen. Dorrien of West Lavant House; son W. Charles Dorrien provided some new oaken church benches in 1844 also repairs and renovations; his own painting of Descent from the Cross over holy table; Rev. Henry Smith in 1857 asked by Charles, later 5th Duke of Richmond, not to replace this in the church; description of church prior to 1844; inscription painted by WCD over low chancel arch "this is none other than the house of God and this is the gate of heaven"; gallery for musicians at west end; no stained glass; commandments painted either side of east window; 1872 alterations by the vicar Wood Stephens include lengthening at west end; preserving and replacing ancient quoins; new triple chancel arch; new porch; bell turret replaced wooden belfry; church yard enclosed; architect Mr. Woodyer; chief contributor Augustine Robinson Esq., then residing at West Lavant House; Church plate presented by Thomas May in 1686 - chalice and paten; wall paintings possibly of St. George discovered beneath plaster in 1849, now disappeared; bell dates from 1803; font white marble "well executed and ancient workmanship" (Mitchell) near door in 1850; Thomas Roser Mitchell b.1791 d. 1861, 27 years parish clerk, musician, carpenter, land surveyor, copied inscriptions including: Derby Leary; Hestera May; Hugh May; Dame Mary May; many 18th century inscriptions including families Cleverley; Ayling; Woolgar; Goodyear; Andrewes; Richards; Digganson; Sadler; Chaplin; Luff; Dibley; Day; other inscriptions of note include Sarah Howard (1829); Elizabeth Cleverley(1772); William Ayling (1760); Mary Woolgar (1803); William Richards (1764); Richard Andrews (1733) and his daughter Grace (1734 aged 25); W. Challen (1761?); Richard Sandford, blacksmith; Mitchell himself; Dean Hook; Canon Ashwell.
Notes on East Lavant:-
Information includes:- parish takes its name from the River Lavant, named East to distinguish it from parish of Mid Lavant and tything of West Lavant; in Conqueror's time probably all one manor; parts downland and marshland; separated since, until all held by Dukes of Richmond; in middle ages Mid Lavant passed to Priors of Shulbrede; East Lavant to Archbishop of Canterbury until 1543 when ceded to King by Archbishop Cranmer; granted to Sir R. Baker in 1560 by Q. Elizabeth; in 1588 in possession of W. John Morley; thence to Countess of Derby; bequeathed to Lord Willoughby de Brooke 1752; bought by 4th Duke of Richmond 1807; Church described as "rebuilt" by first writer which is vigorously rebutted by the second (AHG) in great detail:- architect Mr. Gordon Hill well known for his skill in conservative architecture; two chalk arches with chalk pillar Early English, possibly Norman; description of arrangements for seating etc. of congregations; first writer mentions features including nave; aisle; tower forming transept; chancel; beautiful west doorway from time when Lavant attached to Pagham and Aldwick property of Archbishop of Canterbury, similar in style and workmanship to Bishop Ralph's doorway in southwest tower in Chichester Cathedral; monuments and stall work; old hinges of five misereres remain; notable monuments include Luci de Mildebi (possibly 12th cent.) in floor of north aisle; memorial slab of Purbeck marble; entire stone coffin under chancel canopy was opened in 1850, revealing head with hair; canopy writer believes to be an "Easter Sepulchre" as described at Stanton St. John's, Oxfordshire in Parker's Glossary of Architecture; memorials include 15th century brass to memory of Thomas Matthew former Rector, Canon Residentiary of Chichester Cathedral and Chaplain to Earl of Arundel now lost; Eugenius Stockton of Cheshire (d.1638) stone now covered by brass plate; Mr. Baker on south side; Jane Henshaw, wife of Bishop Joseph Henshaw of Peterborough on north side; R. Batsworth; Heberden and Crompton families; memorial tablet set up by William Westbrooke 1671; chalice and cover dated 1618; apostle spoons; notable yew tree and hedge in churchyard; salvia verbenata yearly.
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