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Book:Visitation of Sussex. Anno Domini 1662:1937
Author: Visitations of the County of Sussex (1662)
Author: Bysshe, Sir, Edward
Author: Clarke, A. W. Hughes
Year: 1937
Format: Book
Class no: 929
ISBN: E300062184
Publication Year: 1937
Media type: Other material
Newspaper cuttings (Coats of Arms of Sussex Families), nd; Sussex Family Crests, nd; B/W illustration from frontispiece of 'Selsey Bill: Historic and Prehistoric' by Edward Heron-Allen, 1911; "Sussex Life" feature: "The origins of the Sussex County Arms (East and West) by Mike Rumble, nd; magazine feature:"Some Sussex Seals" by EA Humphery Fenn, nd; The Visitations of Sussex, Hertfordshire, and Staffordshire, nd; "Sussex County Magazine", featuring The Sussex "Martlets", 1937; information on Sussex County Arms, from "Sussex Notes and Queries",1932; feature on Sussex seals, nd; Coats of Arms in Sussex Churches, nd; other information on Arms of Sussex, 1887,1890,1935; The Arms of The Diocese of Chichester, nd
Publication Year: 1812
Media type: Other material
The description of beating the bounds, ff. 29 and 30, is printed (from another copy) in Sussex County Magazine vol. 10, pp. 203, 204. Notes of visitations are given.
f.1. Baptisms, July 1781.
ff.1-12. Baptisms, Nov. 1784 - Oct. 1812. Burials, (1784) - Nov. 1812.
ff.13-28. Blank.
ff.29-30. Perambulation of parish boundaries, 29 Mar. 1810
Publication Year: 1978
Media type: Other material
Miss Pascoe was in her 84th year at the time of the interview. She was brought up in Cambridge and was educated at a local Church of England School and then at a Grammar School. She started her teaching career as a probationary teacher for a year in a village school on the outskirts of Cambridge and taught there for a further year as an uncertified teacher. She then studied for two years at Norwich Church of England Training College, and following this took up her first appointment as a certified teacher at a school at Soham in the Fens. She taught there for 2½ years before moving to a higher grade school in Cambridge, where she worked with the senior boys owing to the absence of male teachers then serving in the First World War. She taught for just over a year in this school before moving to a mixed school at Stratford-upon-Avon, where she remained for six years.
In September 1925 Miss Pascoe was appointed as headmistress at the Central Girls School in Chapel Street, Chichester, in succession to Miss A Warden who had been teaching at the school for 38 years, and she herself remained in this office for over 30 years until her retirement in 1957.
The recording may be regarded as comprising two parts: The first part contains an account by Miss Pascoe of the history of the Central School in Chichester and of school life during her own period as headmistress, and is illustrated by extracts from the Log Books. The second part consists of a detailed analysis of certain aspects of school history during this period – the school buildings, the pupils, the teachers, the methods of teaching, the managers, etc. – and ends with some impressions of recent changes in education policy.
The recording was made at Miss Pascoe’s home in Chichester on 4 July 1978 by a member of staff of the West Sussex Record Office. An earlier recording of an interview with Miss Pascoe is also available (OH 27).
Cassette One – Side One
001 An account of the history of the Central Schools in Chichester. The inspiration provided by Canon Fisher. The Girls School in 1925. The size of the classes. The formation of the Old Girls Association in 1927. The Blue Girls Charity – the income it provided for the purchase of prizes (boots, clothing, prayer books, story books, etc.). The repairs and improvements made to the school buildings after 1925 – the need to raise money through voluntary subscriptions, rummage, sales and bazaars. The re-organisation of schools in Chichester in 1933 – the transformation of the Central Girls School into a Junior Girls School – the introduction of junior girls from St. Pancras School and the transfer of senior girls to the Lancastrian Girls School. The need for extensions to the school buildings in Chapel Street – the dedication by Bishop Bell in 1935. The termination of the prize scheme and the use the Blue Girls fund for purchasing an adjoining building. The Second World War and the taking of 300 evacuees from London. The opening of a school canteen in 1943. The building of a new canteen in 1947. The increase in numbers of pupils and the use of additional premises in Orchard Street. The introduction of a Sports Day held at Willowbed Farm. The school revels in the Bishop’s grounds and at Bishop Otter College. The religious education in school life – the schools services in the Cathedral – the Ascension Day services in St. Peter-the-Great –the visits to the school by local clergy. The merging of the school into a mixed primary school in the late 1950’s – the move to premises in Orchard Street vacated by the Lancastrian School – the demolition of the old buildings in Chapel Street in 1969 – 1970.
183 Her upbringing in Cambridge. Her education – taught at home by her mother until the age of 7 – attendance at a Church of England School until 12 – studying at a secondary (Grammar) school until 17. Her year as a probendary teacher in a village school outside Cambridge, and her second year at the school as an uncertified teacher. The two year course at the Norwich Church of England Training College. Her first appointment as a certificated teacher at Soham in Cambridgeshire Fens – teaching a class of 60 boys.
213 The inevitability of a career in teaching. Giving lessons to her dolls at home.
222 The probationary year and the training course at College. The teaching certificate awarded to her by the Board of Education in October 1915. The subjects taken in the qualifying examination.
250 The school at Soham. Her post at a higher grade school in Cambridge – working with the senior boys – the problems caused by the shortage of male teachers during the First World War. Her move to a mixed school at Stratford-upon-Avon.
279 The decision to apply for a headship in 1925 at the age of 31. The reasons for applying for a post in a Church school. The interview at Canon Fisher’s home in Friars Gate, Little London, before the school managers. Her fellow interviewees.
321 The Central Girls School in September 1925. The layout of the classrooms. The lack of a staff room. Her role as headmistress – teaching a group of senior girls. The problem of keeping the school buildings in repair. The playground.
386 The pupils. The number on the register in 1925. The catchment area. The age of the new entrants. The procedure for receiving a new intake. The problem of numbers and of accommodating them within the class structure. The influence of the old payments-by-results system on the structure of the classes. The introduction of ‘streaming’ on the reorganisation of the school in the 1930’s. The large size of the classes. The organisation of the school year in the elementary schools – beginning the year in April rather than in September.
560 The teachers. Survivals of the monitorial system. The pupil teacher system and the pupil teacher centre in Chichester. The student teacher system. The employment of student teachers at the Central Girls School and the method of their training. The progression to the status of uncertified teacher and means of obtaining a teacher’s certificate.
700 End of Side One
Cassette One – Side Two
084 The remuneration of school teachers. The four scales of salaries and the regional variations. Her own salary during the various stages of her career. The difference in salary between certified and uncertified teachers.
114 The periods of in-service training for teachers. Her own educational visits to Middle Street School, Brighton, and to Sherdington School in Gloucestershire. Her study of the assignment system of teaching developed by the Parents National Education Union and used at Sherdington. The objects of the P N E U system – to encourage private study and independent work – and the introduction of the system to the senior girls at the Central School. The refresher courses organised by the Local Education Authority and by the National Union of Teachers at Worthing and at Bishop Otter College. Thoughts on the contemporary attitudes to the objectives of education – the restrictions imposed on methods of teaching by the large size of the classes.
189 Problems created by the shortage of teachers and by temporary absences due to illness. The use of supply teachers. Memories of some of the supply teachers employed at the Central Girls School.
226 The taking of sabbatical years by teachers to attend courses at Bishop Otter College, London University, etc.
252 Recollections of some the teachers at the Central Girls School. Impressions of Miss Warden, the previous headmistress. Her emphasis on strict discipline and silence – the high standard of behaviour. The respect that she commanded in her colleagues and her pupils. The extreme economy exercised during her headship. Memories of some of her own colleagues. Mrs Hoare – the firm discipline that she had acquired from her experiences of the pupil teacher system. The problems faced by the students in keeping discipline in large classes. The high standard of teachers employed at the school, and the long periods served by many of them. The attitude of expecting the very best work from the girls and the influence this had on discipline.
384 The methods of teaching at the school. The preparation and revision of syllabuses. The staff meetings. The preparation for the first day of a new academic year. The introduction of new pupils, and their parents, to the school. The special problems encountered during the Second World War.
447 The range of subjects taught at the school. The practical work. Cookery lessons taken at the High School. Needlework. Handicraft. First Aid. Hygiene. History. Geography. English Literature. The old method of each class learning a set poem each year. The trend away from memory work. The attempts to widen the range of reading. The demonstration lessons taken by Miss Ballard of the Singer Sewing Machine Company in the 1920’s.
526 Physical training and sports. The influence of the links with Bishop Otter College in keeping the teachers up-to-date with new methods. The introduction of a sports day at Willowbed Farm. The use of the playground for P.T. and netball in fine weather, and the renting of a parish hall for P.T. in wet weather. The netball matches between the school and the Old Girls.
583 The ‘house system’ used at the school for academic work and for games. The use of ‘stars’ for rewarding good work. The merit shield. The rewards available to individual pupils for good work – the prizes at Sports Day. The gifts of service in December – the use of funds from the Blue Girls Charity – the termination of the system of re-organisation in 1933. The presentation of watches for good attendance.
670 School examinations and school reports.
689 End of Side Two.
Cassette Two – Side One
001 The importance of the annual examinations in assessing and ‘streaming’ the children.
017 The scholarships available to the girls for entry to Chichester High School and Midhurst Grammar School. The scholarship examinations. The wider career opportunities provided by the scholarship.
129 The methods of teaching in vogue in the late 1920’s. The place of memory work. The endeavour to widen the range of experience. The nature walks at Stoke Clump and Kingley Vale. The outings to London, Windsor and Cheddar Gorge. The nature walks organised by the Bishop Otter students. The outings to the cinema to see special films.
189 The attempts of the teachers to make their lessons more interesting. The use of simple experiments. The difficulty of obtaining sufficient reference books – the low level of per capita expenditure on books. The system of allocating money for stationery, books, handicraft materials, etc. Encouraging the girls to use the public library.
257 The school inspections. The annual inspection by the Diocesan Inspector. The periodic visitations by the H.M.I. The importance of obtaining a good report from the Inspectors. Inspections of school registers – the dependence of the per capita grant upon the average attendance figures.
306 The role of religious education in the school curriculum. Visits to the school by local clergymen to take scripture lessons. Memories of Canon Haslehurst, the Vice-Principal of the Theological College. Outings to the top of the Cathedral spire. Teaching the children to apply their religious knowledge. The tendency to employ Anglican teachers at the school – the occasion of the employment of a Wesleyan teacher.
387 School discipline. The relationship between the teachers and the children. The teaching of respect for authority by parents in the home. The sanctions available to class teachers to maintain discipline – lines, detention, sending to the headmistress. The limited us of corporal punishment – the offences for which it was administered.
469 The regularity of attendance at school. The problems in bad weather for those with long walks to school. The influence of the boot prizes in encouraging regular attendance at school. The role of the School Attendance Officer. The limited incidence of truancy in the Girls School compared to the Boys School.
528 The half-holidays during the school year. The celebration of Empire Day on 24 May – the procession of school children to Priory Park – saluting the flag and singing patriotic songs. The holiday for Mayor’s Day in November – the outings by the teachers to Singleton and Cocking. The celebration of special occasions in Chichester – lining the streets to greet George V on his return from a convalescent holiday at Aldwick on 15 May 1929. The full day’s holiday on 20 October for Sloe Fair. The half-day’s holidays awarded for good attendance in the school.
617 The school managers. The interests they represented. The monthly meetings in Canon Fisher’s home at Friars Gate. The attendance at the meetings by the heads of the Infants, Girls and Boys Schools. The role of the heads at the meetings.
701 End of Side One.
Cassette Two – Side Two
005 The visits to the school by the managers. Memories of visits by Mrs Dalby.
014 Finance. The divisions of financial responsibility. The problems of building repairs and bad drainage. The dependence upon voluntary support – the appeals for money to finance new building work – the bazaars to raise money for repairs and heating work.
056 The relative roles of the Board of Education and Local Education Authority in determining school policy.
068 The health of the school children. The connection between poverty and standards of health in the 1920’s. The annual school medical and dental inspections. The follow-up visits by the school nurse. The links between the Central School and the Children’s Home in St. Paul’s Road. The taking of children fostered in Chichester by the London County Council.
141 The opportunities available to girls leaving school in the 1920’s and 1930’s. The limited range of career prospects – work as shop assistants or as domestic servants. The discrimination against the employment of girls in County Hall, the libraries and the banks – the acceptance of only High School Girls by the Post Office. The breaking down of barriers after the Second World War. The frustration experienced by teachers and pupils by the lack of career prospects. The opportunities available outside of Chichester. The need for a High School education to enter a professional career.
198 Some thoughts on recent changes in education policy and on the decline in standards of education. The obsession with experimentation and the neglect of basic subjects. The reaction against ‘progressive’ methods and the return to more formal methods of teaching.
290 End of recording.
Author: W Bruce Bannerman (editor)
Year: 1905
Format: Other material
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