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Waterloo

Plan of the Battle of Waterloo, RSR/Mss/1/60; from the Archives of the Royal Sussex Regimental Association at West Sussex Record Office

The Royal Sussex Regiment The Royal Sussex Regiment

The Royal Sussex Regiment was involved in the Napoleonic Wars and in the conflict in France leading up to it. Soldiers from the 35th Foot (Royal Sussex) were held in reserve at the Battle of Waterloo, stationed on the extreme right of the British Army in a defensive position. However, although they did not engage directly in the action, the Royal Sussex men were subsequently awarded the Waterloo Medal and took part in the allied Victory March through Paris. Some original documents related to the battle can be researched at West Sussex Record Office and a small display may be seen in the foyer. Further details can be found on the Record Office Search Online catalogue

The Royal Sussex Regiment Booklist
XX00074207
Year: 1992
Format: Hardback
Class no: 355.134
Publisher: Naval & Military Press
ISBN: 9781845744335
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E300015402
Author: Trimen, Richard
Author: Royal Sussex Regiment
Year: 1873
Format: Book
Class no: 356
Publisher: Southampton Times Newspaper Printing & Publishing Co
ISBN: E300015402
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E300021704
Author: Martineau, G. D (Gerald Durant)
Author: Royal Sussex Regiment
Year: C.1953
Format: Book
Class no: 356
Publisher: 39 East Street, Chichester, Moore & Tillyer
ISBN: P002049937
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Waterloo Bicentenary 1815-2015 Waterloo Bicentenary 1815-2015

To mark the bicentenary of the Battle of Waterloo, click on the links below to see our lists of books about Waterloo, available in West Sussex Libraries.

 

The Armies

The Battle

Eyewitness Accounts

Napoleon

The Peninsular Campaign

Wellington

The Royal Sussex Regiment

Fiction

 

The Armies
000753938X
Author: Cornwell, Bernard
Year: 2014
Format: Hardback
Class no: 940.27
Publisher: William Collins
ISBN: 9780007539383, 000753938X
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0854220720
Author: Pericoli, Ugo
Year: 1973
Format: Book
Class no: 940.27
Publisher: Seeley, Service & Co
ISBN: 9780854220724, 0854220720
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0913037028
Author: Bowden, Scott
Year: 1983
Format: Book
Class no: 940.27
Publisher: Empire Games Press
ISBN: 9780913037027, 0913037028
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1848879288
Author: Corrigan, Gordon
Year: 2014
Format: Hardback
Class no: 940.2742
Publisher: Atlantic Books
ISBN: 9781848879287
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1471102912
Author: White-Spunner, Barney
Year: 2015
Format: Hardback
Class no: 940.2742
Publisher: Simon & Schuster
ISBN: 9781471102912
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The Battle
185410764X
Author: Adkin, Mark
Year: 2001
Format: Hardback
Class no: 940.27
Publisher: Aurum Press
ISBN: 9781854107640, 185410764X
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184792297X
Author: Keegan, John
Year: 2014
Format: Paperback
Class no: 355.4
Publisher: The Bodley Head
ISBN: 9781847922977
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0752464418
Author: Fremont-Barnes, Gregory
Year: 2012
Format: Hardback
Class no: 940.2742
Publisher: Spellmount
ISBN: 9780752464411
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1843420244
Author: Dalton, Charles
Year: 2001
Format: Paperback
Class no: 940.27
Publisher: Naval & Military Press
ISBN: 9781843420248, 1843420244
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1781593566
Author: Glover, Gareth
Year: 2014
Format: Hardback
Class no: 940.2742
Publisher: Pen & Sword Military
ISBN: 9781781593561, 1781593566
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0141391375
Author: Chandler, David G
Year: 2002
Format: Paperback
Class no: 940.27
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 9780141391373, 0141391375
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1842127195
Author: Howarth, David
Year: 2003
Format: Paperback
Class no: 940.27
Publisher: Phoenix
ISBN: 9781842127193, 1842127195
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1841764671
Author: Chandler, David
Year: 1980
Format: Hardback
Class no: 940.27
Publisher: Osprey
ISBN: 9781841764672, 1841764671
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1472801040
Author: Lipscombe, Nick
Year: 2014
Format: Hardback
Class no: 940.2742
Publisher: Osprey Publishing
ISBN: 9781472801043, 1472801040
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1847921825
Author: O'Keeffe, Paul
Year: 2014
Format: Hardback
Class no: 940.2742
Publisher: The Bodley Head
ISBN: 9781847921826
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0007358369
Author: Crane, David
Year: 2015
Format: Hardback
Class no: 942.073
Publisher: William Collins
ISBN: 9780007358366, 0007358369
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0903988364
Author: Howarth, David
Year: 1974
Format: Book
Class no: 940.27
Publisher: Library of Imperial History
ISBN: 9780903988360, 0903988364
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0753541424
Author: Kershaw, Robert
Year: 2014
Format: Hardback
Class no: 940.2742
Publisher: WH Allen
ISBN: 9780753541425
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1854091565
Author: Hamilton-Williams, David
Year: 1993
Format: Book
Class no: 940.27
Publisher: Arms & Armour
ISBN: 9781854091567, 1854091565
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1472803663
Author: Franklin, John
Author: Embleton, G. A
Year: 2015
Format: Paperback
Class no: 940.2742
Publisher: Osprey Publishing
ISBN: 9781472803665, 1472803663
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1408702487
Author: Clayton, Tim
Year: 2014
Format: Hardback
Class no: 940.2742
Publisher: Little, Brown
ISBN: 9781408702482
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1472803639
Author: Franklin, John
Year: 2014
Format: Paperback
Class no: 940.2742
Publisher: Osprey Publishing
ISBN: 9781472803634
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1843543109
Author: Barbero, Alessandro
Author: Cullen, John
Year: 2006
Format: Paperback
Class no: 940.2742
Publisher: Atlantic Books
ISBN: 9781843543107, 1843543109
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0718133846
Author: Schom, Alan
Year: 1993
Format: Book
Class no: 940.27
Publisher: Michael Joseph
ISBN: 9780718133849, 0718133846
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0297850784
Author: Foulkes, Nick
Year: 2006
Format: Hardback
Class no: 940.271
Publisher: Weidenfeld & Nicolson
ISBN: 9780297850786, 0297850784
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Eyewitness Accounts
XX00082949
Author: De Lancey, Lady
Year: 2007
Format: Paperback
Class no: 940.2742
Publisher: Reportage Press
ISBN: 9780955572982
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X002025523
Author: Wheatley, Edmund
Author: Hibbert, Christopher
Year: 1964
Format: Book
Class no: 940.27, BWHEATLEY,EDMU
Publisher: Longmans
ISBN: X002025523
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1848843658
Author: Mercer, Alexander Cavalie
Author: Uffindell, Andrew
Year: 2012
Format: Hardback
Class no: 940.2742
Publisher: Pen & Sword Military
ISBN: 9781848843653
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Napoleon
0007190751
Hardback:Waterloo, Napoleon's Last Gamble:2005
Author: Roberts, Andrew
Year: 2005
Format: Hardback
Class no: 940.2742
Publisher: HarperCollins
ISBN: 9780007190751, 0007190751
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The Peninsular Campaign
X000094625
Author: Costello, Edward
Author: Brett-James, Antony
Year: 1967
Format: Book
Class no: 940.27
Publisher: Longmans
ISBN: X000094625
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Wellington
0752488775
Author: Foster, R. E
Year: 2014
Format: Hardback
Class no: 940.27
Publisher: The History Press
ISBN: 9780752488776
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1848541031
Author: Snow, Peter
Year: 2010
Format: Hardback
Class no: B WELLESLEY,ARTHUR
Publisher: John Murray
ISBN: 9781848541030
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1862271186
Author: Fletcher, Ian
Year: 2001
Format: Hardback
Class no: 940.27
Publisher: Spellmount
ISBN: 9781862271180, 1862271186
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1873376065
Author: Fletcher, Ian
Year: 1994
Format: Book
Class no: 946.06
Publisher: Spellmount
ISBN: 9781873376065, 1873376065
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1853673048
Author: Hofschroer, Peter
Year: 1998
Format: Hardback
Class no: 940.27
Publisher: Greenhill Books
ISBN: 9781853673047, 1853673048
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1780961146
Author: Lipscombe, Nick
Year: 2013
Format: Hardback
Class no: 940.2742
Publisher: Osprey Publishing
ISBN: 9781780961149
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The Battle of Waterloo - an Overview The Battle of Waterloo - an Overview

The word "Waterloo" has entered into the English language partly by giving its name to a London railway terminus but also because of its importance in the military career of one of the world's most famous leaders, Napoleon Bonaparte. After losing the battle of Waterloo Napoleon's military career was at an end and he spent the rest of his days in exile on the island of St Helena. Now, any major defeat or loss tends to be described as "meeting one's Waterloo". There's even an Abba pop song about Napoleon's capitulation, of course!

 

The battle itself brought to an end almost twenty years of conflict across Europe, between France and her neighbours. Napoleon's military brilliance was a major factor in his country's pre-eminence but he proved to be fallible after all. He and his troops suffered a major blow when they foolishly invaded Russia in 1812. As a result Napoleon's star began to fail and two years later was forced to abdicate his position as emperor. He was then sent into humiliating exile on the island of Elba.

 

It wasn't long before Bonaparte returned to France, intent on overthrowing the already unpopular Bourbon monarchy. Once that aim had been achieved he set about raising a new army which he promptly marched into Belgium, his ultimate aim being the capture of Brussels. Before they could reach the capital however the French were attacked by the Prussian army at Ligny. Napoleon's troops fought back hard and sent the Prussians into retreat. The emperor believed that the Prussians had been vanquished and continued to press his troops forward. Later that same day the French were again attacked, this time by the British, at Quatre Bras. Commanding the British troops was Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington, as pre-eminent a general as Napoleon himself. Wellington had fought the French many times but had never before taken on troops under the emperor's command. On this occasion both sides suffered casualties but were able to retreat to consolidate.

 

The French finally reached Waterloo the next day, in poor weather conditions. Wellington meanwhile had taken up a defensive position on and just behind a ridge. His intention was to hold the French at bay for long enough to allow the Prussian army to offer support. Napoleon remained convinced that this would not happen. As a consequence he made the fatal mistake of delaying engagement until the weather improved. The Prussians duly arrived and the French army was defeated.

 

Soldiers from the Royal Sussex Regiment were involved in the battle. They were requisitioned shortly before the defence of Brussels, having latterly been involved in fighting at Antwerp. Napoleon's initial abdication seems likely to have spared them further bloodshed there and they were manning the garrison at Ostend when called upon by Wellington. On the morning of the battle they were stationed on the right of the ridge chosen by the duke as the most defensible position. By the time the Prussian army arrived to attack the French no shots had been fired at the right flank. Nonetheless, all the men of the 35th received the Waterloo medal despite not having fired a shot.

 

The total number of troops involved was said to have been close to 200,000. At the end of the day nearly 54,000 men were dead, dying or injured, and they all lay within an area of only 6 square kilometres.

 

After this defeat it really was the end for Napoleon. Forced to abdicate once again he prepared to leave for the United States but was prevented from doing so by the British. Finally he agreed to be taken into British protection and was transported by them to the remote island of St Helena where he lived quietly until his death six years later.

 

By contrast, the Duke of Wellington was received as a national hero back in England. He became commander-in-chief of the British army in 1827 and held various senior posts in Tory governments from 1818 to 1846, including Prime Minister. On his death in 1852, he was given a state funeral.

 

References

Adkin, M.(2001) Waterloo companion. Aurum Press.

Battle of Waterloo

Napoleon

Waterloo

 

Phil Jones

Crawley Reference Library

May 2015

Fiction
000745290X
Author: Cornwell, Bernard
Year: 2012
Format: Paperback
Class no: HIS
Publisher: Harper
ISBN: 9780007452903
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